fraud prevention
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"419" Letters
Advance fee fraud
Long firm fraud
Payroll fraud
Pyramid schemes
Frauds can be categorised by the type of victim involved. The most common groups of victims encountered by investigators include:
  • Investors
  • Creditors
  • Businesses
  • Banks or other financial institutions
  • Central or local government
  • Fraud by manipulating financial markets
Frauds can also be categorised by the technique or activity used by the fraudster. These include:
  • Advance fee frauds
  • Bogus invoices
  • Computer hacking of information or property
  • Corruption and bribery
  • Counterfeiting, forgery, or copyright abuse
  • Credit Card fraud
  • False Accounting - manipulation of accounts and accounting records
  • Fraudulent bankruptcy - exploitation of cross-border corporate structures
  • Insurance fraud
  • Internet online scams - auctions, credit card purchases, investment scams
  • Investment fraud
  • Long Firm fraud
  • Misappropriation of assets
  • Money laundering
  • Mortgage Fraud
  • Payroll fraud
  • Principal agents - failure of systems to restrict key individuals
  • Pyramid schemes
  • Unsolicited letter frauds.
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